With the study of heroin that has been ongoing for over 100 years, the facts about heroin addiction are already familiar to many. Heroin, also referred to as diacetylmorphine, is a half-synthetic opiate obtained from morphine. Heroin addiction facts indicate that even though it was initially advertised as a non-addictive option to morphine, its massive potential for addiction became clear shortly after it became more accessible. In fact ‘heroin’ was the actual brand name given to the substance by the maker, Bayer. However, facts regarding heroin show Bayer lost some of its rights to that trademark in the 1919 Versailles treaty.
Statistics About the Users of Heroin
For a long time, it was thought that heroin addiction was only a problem associated with black males, that wasn’t really backed up with tangible facts. For those who identify themselves as black, the number of confessions to substance abuse medication dropped significantly between 1995 to 2005. This is both for injecting and inhaling heroin. Statistics also indicate that the number of Caucasians abusing the drug increased in both classifications during this time. Even though detailed gender information is not available, the number of female users is said to be increasing.
Below are more facts and figures on who uses the substance:
- Majority of addicts say they had been introduced to heroin by somebody they trusted.
- In the year 2008, the average age of first heroin usage was 23.4 years.
- By the same year, it was approximated there were 213,000 heroin users in the United States.
- Of 12th-graders, 1.2% recount having used heroin in their life. Of 10th graders, between 2008 and 2009, there was an increase in lifetime drug use. Heroin injection also increased in this group.
Where Does Heroin Come From?
Afghanistan is identified as the major manufacturer of illicit heroin. With over 209,000 ha used for opium cultivation, the country produces 87% of heroin in the world. It is said that Afghan opium (which is used in making heroin and other drugs) takes 100,000 lives every year. Whereas the United States covers 5% of the world’s total population, it uses around 80% of the world’s opioid supply.
Being the most commonly used illicit opioid for many years now, its supply in the United States has greatly risen. Currently, the substance can be obtained for thrice fewer than it was worth decades ago. How much does Heroin cost? The price depends on the location. Prices differ from as little as $1.90 per gram to a maximum of around $1,300 per gram.
Many users pass on from overdoses in the United States every week, and possibly this number will continue rising.
Heroin Around the Globe
- In 2008, it was approximated that 13.5 million people used opium substances globally. This comprises 9.2 million heroin users.
- In line with approximations in 2013, 16.4 million individuals used opiates.
- The worldwide illegal growing area for opium totaled 296,720 hectares in 2013.
- In the same year, 560 tons of opioid were produced.
Facts & Figures on the Health Effects of Heroin
Data on its consequences on health underline its great possibility for abuse and risk of death. The facts indicate that around 2% of those addicted to heroin pass away every year because of their addiction. Here’s a closer look at the statistics of the effects of using the drug:
- For those who start using heroin, 23% of them will, in the end, become dependent on the substance.
- Within the last year, between 20%-30% of venous addicts have suffered a heroin overdose.
- Between 50% – 70% of venous heroin consumers have experienced non-fatal overdoses.
- Of all the heroin overdose instances, 3% -7% require admission to a hospital for problems such as lung infections and pneumonia.